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PQ-17

PQ-17 was one of the most disastrous naval episodes of WW2 for the allies. Naval intelligence led the British Admiralty to believe that German surface vessels, particularly the Tirpitz were going to attack the large convoy PQ-17. It fell to First Sea Lord Admiral Dudley Pound to decide what action to take. He ordered the escort vessels to leave the convoy to pursue the supposed German threat, and he ordered the merchant ships to "scatter". Each tried to make its way individually to Russia, but with no warships to protect them they were exposed to enemy air attack and vulnerable to u-boats. Of the 35 merchant vessels, 24 were sunk, prompting Winston Churchill to name the disaster "one of the most melancholy naval episodes in the whole of the war."

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Women on the Arctic Convoys: Azerbaijan and PQ-17

PQ-17 is one of the more famous convoy missions owing to the terrible losses that resulted from the decision to scatter the ships. What is less well known is the female presence aboard Soviet tankers that took part in this ill-fated mission.

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HMS Trinidad: The Ship That Torpedoed Itself

Learn about what happened to HMS Trinidad on PQ13 in 1942. Not only did she face incredibly rough weather, but she faced enemy attack from u-boats, Narvik Class Destroyers, Junkers 88 Dive Bombers, and Dornier Torpedo Bombers. Yet it was the cold that was her undoing, as a malfunction with a gyro mechanism, probably due to freezing, caused one of her own torpedoes to arc and strike the ship. That wasn't the end of the story though.

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Food on the Arctic Convoys: What Did The Sailors Eat?

Life was tough on an Arctic Convoy. Food was one of the few things the sailors could look forward to amidst their normal duties, the constant threat of attack, and the perilous weather conditions. But what did they eat? Was it tasty? How difficult was eating in rough seas?

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